Catalogo / Preventive Urbanism

Preventive Urbanism
The Role of Health in Designing Active Cities
Volume in inglese
ISBN 9788822911063
2020, pp. 192
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Il libro

“We must integrate our concepts of ‘public health issues’ with ‘urban planning issues’. Urban planners, engineers, and architects must begin to see that they have a critical role in public health. Similarly, public health professionals need to appreciate that the built environment influences public health as much as vaccines or water quality.”
Richard J. Jackson, Chris Kochtitzky

“Our bodies are designed to move. Our cities should be too.”
©Nike Inc.

This essay explores the broad and fast-developing field of the socalled Healthy, Active City and shifts the theoretical point of view from a medical, almost curative, issue to an urban one. Urbanism is therefore affirmed as a fundamental and preventive discipline, capable of enhancing the health and quality of life of urban populations. Especially in times of a global pandemic such as the one that began in early 2020, the relationships between urbanism, urban health, and the built environment are of fundamental importance.
The author tackles, from an urban design and planning perspective, the complex connections and cause-effect processes that link the characteristics of our cities to the well-being of populations, focusing on the dichotomy between urban and human bodies, with specific emphasis on physical activity because of its role as a principal contributor to health conditions. For a long time, such relationships were predominantly approached from an epidemiological and so- cial point of view, which saw the features and structure of the city as the determinants of the levels of health and physical activity; yet these were rarely investigated in depth. Since the industrial revolution of the mid-nineteenth century, when urbanism as a modern discipline was born, the sanitation issues of the contemporary city have greatly changed, as have the socio-demographic structures and people’s needs.
Nowadays, health and the practice of physical activity must be seen as relevant goals to be achieved also through comprehensive and integrated interventions in the physical environment, where communities live and develop, addressing through urban policies and programs, and from a design perspective, the problem of urban living in terms of sustainability, safety, accessibility, and attractiveness.

  • Preface, by Romeo Farinella

  • Preventive Urbanism. The Role of Health in Designing Active Cities

  • I. Urban Bodies
  • 1. The Healthy, Active City Approach / An Introduction
    • 1.1 The facts are clear; 1.2 A collective (urban) challenge
  • 2. Cities on the Move / Contemporary Urban Challenges
    • 2.1 The urban health advantage; 2.2 The human era; 2.3 The urban era; 2.4 A new urban realism
  • 3. Public Space (s) / Multiple Settings for Active Behaviors
    • 3.1 Plural, open-minded, enabling; 3.2 Bodies in space; 3.3 Augmented perceptions; 3.4 The battlefield

  • II. Shaping Cities for Health and Movement
  • 1. Body-City / Anthropomorphic Urbanism
    • 1.1 The bodification of the city; 1.2 In search of the human scale; 1.3 Human and urban regeneration
  • 2. Urban Healing / Genesis of a Discipline
    • 2.1 The sickness of industrialization; 2.2 Expansions and demolitions; 2.3 Health and utopias

  • 3. A Focus on Bodies / Needs and Constraints
    • 3.1 Watchword: cure; 3.2 The development of the movement science; 3.3 The benefits of public green; 3.4 Shaping bodies through political power
  • 4. City versus Body / The Modernist Response
    • 4.1 Urban (health) standards; 4.2 The coming of the automobile culture; 4.3 New utopias; 4.4 From environmentalism to salutogenesis
  • 5. A Complex Urban Era / Experimentations, Trends and Shifts 5.1 A “new” urbanism?; 5.2 The reappearance of the body; 5.3 Today’s -ations

    III. Toward a Preventive Urbanism
  • 1. Ecological Perspectives / Urban Determinants of Health and Physical Activity
    • 1.1 The ecological approach to public health; 1.2 Active living; 1.3 Urban determinants of health and movement (136).
  • 2. Active Cities, Healthy Bodies / Programs and Strategies
    • 2.1 From bodily to urban health; 2.2 Healthy Cities; 2.3 Active Cities; 2.4 The Active City label
  • 3. Cities in Good Shape / From Cure to Care 3.1 Against a patronizing approach; 3.2 Opportunities in the contemporary city; 3.3 Arguments for a healthier urban future

  • Afterword. Cities without Bodies in Coronavirus Times

  • Acknowledgments

  • Index
Elena Dorato

Elena Dorato, architect and Ph.D., is a Research Fellow in the field of Urbanism at the Department of Architecture at the University of Ferrara (Italy) where she teaches Urban Design Studio, and Urbanism Promoting Active Communities for the Department of Morphology, Surgery, and Experimental Medicine. She is a member of several national and international research groups, coordinating and participating in projects and research that focus on the active city and the relations between urbanism and urban health.

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Elena Dorato

Preventive Urbanism

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